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Home Issues Issue 14 Micropropagation of roses (Rosa spp.): The effects of different media on in vitro rooting

Micropropagation of roses (Rosa spp.): The effects of different media on in vitro rooting

Metka ŠIŠKO

pp. 19-22

In vitro propagation techniques were studied in 3 different genotypes of roses (Rosa spp.) and the effects of two different disinfectants (dichloroisocyanuric acid and sodium hypochlorite) were evaluated. The sterilisation based ondichloroisocyanuric acid was more efficient (32.6% of vital explants) when compared to the sterilisation with sodium hypochlorite (7.3% of vital explants). The sterilised and vital explants were transferred onto a shoot proliferation medium based on MS. The subcultivation period lasted 4 months. From the first genotype, 186 shoots were obtained, from the second 219 and from the third only 88 shoots. Sufficiently developed plants were transferred to three different rooting media which differed in the presence of auxin (IBA), sucrose and MS concentration. The results show, that the rooting medium did not have the same effects on all tested genotypes. The first genotype resulted in 82% rooted plants on the medium with 1/2 MS supplemented with 30 g/L of sucrose and no IBA added. The most successful rooting for second genotype (55.6% rooted plants) was obtained on the rooting medium with full strength MS, supplemented with 30 g/L sucrose and 0.5 mg/L IBA. The third genotype rooted most successfully (65.9% plants with developed roots) on the medium with 1/4 MS supplemented with 30 g/L of sucrose and no IBA added. Rooted plants were transplanted into the substrate and acclimatised in the laboratory (common growth chamber) and in the greenhouse (moist chamber). The acclimatisation in the moist chamber had a positive effect on the number of survived plants (90.9% survival) compared with the acclimatisation in the common growth chamber (68.1% survival).

Key words: rose, Rosa spp. micropropagation, in vitro propagation, in vitro rooting 

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